Arizona Personal Injury Laws Statutory Rules
It’s useful to know which Arizona laws apply if you’ve been injured in an accident in Arizona. This article explores a few key laws that affect Arizona injury cases, whether you’re filing a lawsuit in court or dealing with an insurance company in settlement talks.
Like all states, Arizona has a law known as the “statute of limitations” that sets a time limit on bringing injury cases to court. This time limit affects any case you might file in court after an accident or injury.
For claims against a city, county, or the State of Arizona:
- One hundred eighty days to file formal claim;
- lawsuit within one year. (Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 12-821 and § 12-821.01.)
Arizona’s Comparative Negligence Rule
When you try to hold a person or company responsible for your injuries, you may hear them argue that you were partly or totally to blame for your own injuries. In Arizona, certain laws apply to cases where you are found partly at fault, and they reduce the amount of damages you can recover.
Arizona Auto Insurance Laws
Arizona uses an “at-fault” system to handle auto accident cases. This means a person injured in an accident has the option to try to settle the claim with insurance companies or to go to court to prove fault and seek damages. Arizona also requires drivers to have basic auto insurance coverage, which may provide the compensation an injured driver needs without having to take the case to court.
“Strict” Liability for Dog Bite/Attack Cases
In many states, dog owners are protected (to some degree) from injury liability the first time their dog injures someone if they had no reason to believe the dog was dangerous. This is often called a “one bite” rule. In Arizona however, specific statutes (Ariz. Rev. Stat. §11-1025, and Ariz. Rev. Stat. §11-1020) make the owner “strictly liable”, meaning regardless of the animal’s past behavior, the dog owner is responsible for a personal injury caused by his/her dog. Specifically, one statute reads:
“The owner of a dog which bites a person when the person is in or on a public place or lawfully in or on a private place, including the property of the owner of the dog, is liable for damages suffered by the person bitten, regardless of the former viciousness of the dog or the owner’s knowledge of its viciousness.” – Ariz. Rev. Stat. §11-1025
Damage Caps in Arizona Injury Cases
A “damages cap” is a law that limits the amount of compensation an injured person can receive in certain kinds of cases — or for certain categories of harm. Different states have different damages caps that apply to certain types of injuries. Our companion article on damages in injury cases provides more information.
More on Arizona’s Personal Injury Laws
Title 12 (civil procedure) and Title 20 (insurance) of the Arizona Revised Statutes provide more information on Arizona’s laws as they apply to personal injury cases.